Christ Died on the Passover – Not on Good Friday

UPDATE: After reading in John 18-19 these last couple days during my devotions, this post and study has been on my heart again so I wanted to repost it. At the end, I’ve included some additional things I’ve since learned that adds to this study.

Did Christ Die on Good Friday?
I’ve followed the tradition of honoring Good Friday, based on the understanding that Christ died on preparation day, which is widely understood to be the day before the Sabbath… so to understand the events leading up to the death of Christ on the cross, that’s where I started in my studies to discover whether Christ did in fact die on Good Friday.  I looked in the scripture to understand the observances of the Sabbath (the day that follows the preparation day), the Passover (when Christ ate the last supper, prayed in the garden, was arrested and tried, and hung on the cross and died), and the Feast of Unleavened bread (the seven day feast that immediately follows Passover), so I’ll address that part of my study first.

In Leviticus 23:3, “Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwelling places.”

In Leviticus 23:5-8, In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight, is the Lord‘s Passover.  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.  On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.  But you shall present a food offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.”

You can read more regarding the Passover in Exodus 12 and Numbers 28:16-25, but I am going to address these passages I’ve shared.  We see in verse 3, that there is a weekly Sabbath that we are called to rest, and will be a holy convocation (assembly, reading, summoning).  This Sabbath falls on the seventh day of every week, on Saturday.  On the Sabbath, there is to be no work done.

We then see that in verse 5, that it states that the Passover will be what marks the first month, on 14 Nissan at twilight. So Passover begins at dark on 14 Nissan and ends at twilight on 15 Nissan.  As Passover concludes, the beginning of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matzah) begins.  The first day and last day of the next 7 days, have been declared by the Lord as High Sabbaths and thus no work must take place.  These Sabbaths are what the Lord has proclaimed as a holy convocation and thus no work is to be done.

Now that we understand these details, we can better understand the events taking place surrounding Christ’s death and resurrection.

“And the disciples set out and went to the city and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.”  Mark 14:16

In Mark 14:12-16 we see that the disciples went to prepare a place for them to partake of the Passover meal.  This was on 13 Nissan, the hours leading up to sunset.  Upon the arrival of sunset, 14 Nissan began.  Reading on, we see in the scriptures that they ate the Passover meal, went to the Garden of Gethsemane to pray, and after praying, Jesus was arrested, tried, and on the cross by morning. (Matthew 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46)

“It was now the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread when the Passover lamb was sacrificed. Jesus’ followers [disciples] said to him, ‘Where do you want us to go and prepare for you to eat the Passover meal?’  Jesus sent two of his followers [disciples] and said to them, ‘Go into the city and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him.  When he goes into a house, tell the owner of the house, “The Teacher says: ‘Where is my guest room in which I can eat the Passover meal with my followers [disciples]?'”  The owner will show you a large room upstairs [T upper room] that is furnished and ready. Prepare the food [Make preparations] for us there.’  So the followers [disciples] left and went into the city. Everything happened as Jesus had said, so they prepared the Passover meal.  Mark 14:12-16

Early the next morning, all the ·leading [T chief] priests and elders of the people decided that Jesus should die [or met together to plan Jesus’ death].  They tied [bound] him, led him away, and turned him over to Pilate, the governor.  Matthew 27:1-2 

As I’ve observed over the years, traditional teaching says that Christ died on Friday, was in the tomb through the weekly Sabbath, and arose on Sunday morning.  However, Christ Himself stated He would be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights, just as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish:

“For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Matthew 12:40

The importance of this passage is noted in the passages surrounding it where Christ states: An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.  For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.  The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.” Matthew 12:39-41 (emphasis mine)

So we see, the Lord told Jonah to go to Ninevah and call out against them.  It was such a warning that led them to their repentance.  Greater than Jonah, is the Christ that’s come to do the same for the whole world.  If this was a great sign of the Lord, the only sign given, for the evil and adulterous generation seeking a sign, wouldn’t it thus be necessary to be accurate? Friday evening to Sunday morning is not three days and three nights!

Now that we understand the Sabbath, the Passover, and The Feast of Unleavened Bread, we see that the Passover and the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread are back to back and thus, Christ ate the last supper, prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane, was arrested, tried, hung on the cross, and died on the Passover.

The evening of that day initiated The Feast of Unleavened Bread and thus was a High Sabbath.  They removed Christ from the cross and placed Him in the tomb, only wrapped in linen soaked in a mixture myrrh and aloes, before the evening began because it was a holy convocation.

Let’s look in the scriptures to see the support for this:

“Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.” John 19:31

This man (Joseph of Arimathea) went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.  Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud and laid him in a tomb cut in stone, where no one had ever yet been laid.  It was the day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was beginning.  Luke 23:52-54

“After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body.  Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight.  So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.”  John 19:38-40

“So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.”  John 19:42 

Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joseph saw where Jesus was laid and would thus return on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, and Jesus was already gone.

“And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joseph saw [took note of] the place where Jesus was laid.”  Mark 15:47

“Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.”  John 20:1

“When the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him.  And very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb.  And they were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?”  And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled back—it was very large.  And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed.  And he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here. See the place where they laid him.”  Mark 16:1-6

So we see that early Sunday morning, while it was still dark, Christ had risen.  If we follow the timeline given, we see that the High Sabbath, which could happen on any day of the week, did not fall on the weekly Sabbath.  Let’s break this down:

Saturday evening/Sunday morning, Christ rose

Friday evening/Saturday day, Christ lay in the tomb through the Sabbath (Third Night and Third Day)

Thursday evening/Friday day, Christ lay in the tomb through the preparation day (Second Night and Second Day)

Wednesday evening/Thursday day, Christ lay in the tomb through the High Sabbath (First Night and First Day)

Tuesday evening/Wednesday day, Christ at the Passover meal with His disciples, prayed in Gethsemane, was arrested, tried, put on the cross, and died.

This must be the order of events in order for the words of Christ to be true and to fulfill the only sign that was given.  So we see that no, Christ did not die on Good Friday.  He died on Wednesday, as the Passover lamb.  The ultimate sacrifice for our sins so we could live eternally with the Father in Heaven.

I did this study, not to take issue with the traditions many still observe, but to find the truth.  I have such a desire to understand the Word in its intended context and not simply in the context of my own understanding.  I hope this is enlightening to anyone who reads it, and that while we should continue to renew our minds with the truth, we should be mindful to remember that it’s this very sacrifice in this post that brings us salvation and not whether we honor this sacrifice on a Friday or a Tuesday.  We must be careful not to become legalistic over these matters and to live as we are called.

Only let each person lead the life that the Lord has assigned to him, and to which God has called him.  This is my rule in all the churches.  Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised?  Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision.  Was anyone at the time of his call uncircumcised?  Let him not seek circumcision.  For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God.  Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called.  Were you a bondservant when called?  Do not be concerned about it. (But if you can gain your freedom, avail yourself of the opportunity.)  For he who was called in the Lord as a bondservant is a freedman of the Lord. Likewise he who was free when called is a bondservant of Christ.  You were bought with a price; do not become bondservants of men.  So, brothers, in whatever condition each was called, there let him remain with God.”  1 Corinthians 7:17-24

August 16-17, 2017 UPDATE: Something new I saw while reading was in John 18:28, was that the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews didn’t enter the governor, Caiaphas’s quarters, so as to not defile themselves, but could eat the Passover. This further reveals that Christ was arrested and died on the cross on the Passover, which is the Preparation Day for the week long Feast of Unleavened Bread. On the first and last days of the feast, it is a High Sabbath. It was again stated in John 19:14-16 “Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, ‘Behold your King!’ They cried out, ‘Away with him, away with him, crucify him!’ Pilate said to them, ‘Shall I crucify your King?’ The chief priests answered, ‘We have no king but Caesar.’ So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.”

This further confirms that the following day, the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, was a High Sabbath, not the weekly Sabbath; further confirming also that Jesus did not and could not have died on Friday.

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Christians, This Matters!

Note in the picture below, that the NIV version completely omits verse 37! And there are many more verses deleted from the NIV and ESV!! This entry doesn’t even touch on the words that have been taken out!

~~~

Okay friends, this is a serious post (cuz I’m such a jokester, I needed to warn you… lol). No really… I am really bothered by what I just discovered! This is an exceptionally long post, because I am including a lot of passages but the meat of what I say isn’t a lot, so I hope you’ll read what I’m sharing here… because to Christians, this matters!!!

Okay, so years ago I used to work primarily out of the New International Version (NIV) Bible because it was easier for me to follow.  I did this for several of the first years of being a Christian.  Eventually, I transitioned to New King James Version (NKJV), because I wanted to dig a little deeper and had a sense in my spirit that something was missing from the NIV.  I used the NKJV with the KJV for many years that followed as I began to dig deeper into the Greek and Hebrew meanings of the scriptures and began to see discrepancies here and there.  They weren’t huge, but they mattered to me, so I went in search of a version I felt more fit what I had been studying from the Greek and Hebrew. Well, I fell right in love with the English Standard Version (ESV), and thus worked out of that for the next several years, and very recently switched to the Expanded Bible (EXB).

Well, here is what I’m bothered by.  I recalled a conversation I had with someone years ago, that must have influenced my decision to stop using the NIV, and remembered doing a quick search about some passages that were missing. I didn’t spend too much time on it but just moved on to different versions… well, it came to my mind so I went to go see which passages were missing… and I discovered some of them are also missing from the ESV. I’m so bothered by this… whyyyyy are scriptures missing from the Bible?

Thankfully they are in the Bible I have now, but I wanted to compile the passages that are deleted from the NIV (and other versions).  It’s not exhaustive, but I wanted to share this so others can have this information.  Be sure your own Bible has all the passages!

Acts 8:37 is missing.  If you look in the NIV (and ESV), you will find verse 36 and 38, but 37 is completely removed.

This is what the EXB says from verse 36-38: While they were traveling down the road, they came to some water. The ·officer [L eunuch] said, “Look, here is water. What is stopping [preventing] me from being baptized?” Philip answered, “If you believe with all your heart, you can.” The officer said, “I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” Then the officer commanded the chariot to stop. Both Philip and the officer [L eunuch] went down into the water, and Philip baptized him.”

The King James Version (KJV) says, And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And he commanded chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.”

Moving on to more verses, we also have Matthew 12:47 which is completely removed from NIV and ESV.

EXB: “While Jesus was talking to the ·people [crowds], [L look; T behold] his mother and ·brothers [or brothers and sisters; C the Greek word can mean “siblings”] stood outside, ·trying to find a way [seeking; asking] to talk to him. Someone told Jesus, “[L Look; T Behold] Your mother and brothers [and sisters] are standing outside, ·and they want [seeking; asking] to talk to you.”  He answered, “Who is my mother? Who are my brothers [and sisters]?”

And in KJV: While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him.  Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee. But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?”

The following passages in bold are also not included in NIV
(and as far as I can tell, also ESV).
I’ve included the scripture
before and/or after to reveal its context.

Matthew 17:21 ~ Jesus answered, “Because ·your faith is too small [you have so little faith]. I tell you the truth, if your faith is ·as big as [as small as; the size of; L as; like] a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move. ·All things will be possible [L Nothing would be impossible] for you.  That kind of spirit comes out only if you use prayer and fasting.” (EXB)

Matthew 18:11 ~ Be careful [Watch out; or See that you…]. Don’t ·think these little children are worth nothing [L despise/look down on one of these little ones]. [L For] I tell you that they have angels in heaven who are always ·with [in the presence of; L see the face of] my Father in heaven. The Son of Man came to save ·lost people [that which was lost]. [L What do you think?] If a man has a hundred sheep but one of the sheep ·gets lost [goes astray; wanders off], ·he will [L won’t he…?] leave the other ninety-nine on the ·hill [L hills; mountains] and go to look for the lost sheep.” (EXB)

Matthew 21:44 ~ “‘So [For this reason; Therefore] I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to ·people [a nation] who ·do the things God wants in his kingdom [L will produce its fruit]. The person who ·falls on [stumbles over] this stone will be ·broken [shattered], and on whomever that stone falls, that person will be crushed.’ When the ·leading [T chief] priests and the Pharisees heard these ·stories [parables], they knew Jesus was talking about them.” (EXB)

Matthew 23:14 ~ “‘How terrible for [L Woe to] you, ·teachers of the law [scribes] and Pharisees! You are hypocrites! [L Because] You ·close [shut; lock] the door for people to enter the kingdom of heaven. You yourselves don’t enter, and you ·stop [don’t allow] others who are trying to enter.  How terrible for [L Woe to] you, ·teachers of the law [scribes] and Pharisees. You are hypocrites. You ·take away [L devour] widows’ houses, and you say long prayers ·so that people will notice you [as a pretense]. So you will have a worse ·punishment [condemnation].  How terrible for [L Woe to] you, ·teachers of the law [scribes] and Pharisees! You are hypocrites! You travel across land and sea to ·find one person who will change to your ways [L make one convert/proseltye]. When you ·find that person [make that convert], you make him ·more fit for hell than [L twice the son of hell/Gehenna that; 5:22] you are.’ (EXB)

Mark 7:16 ~ “‘There is nothing people put into their bodies that ·makes them unclean [pollutes/defiles them]. [But rather] People are ·made unclean [polluted; defiled] by the things that come out of them. Let those with ears use them and listen [see 4:23].‘  When Jesus left the ·people [crowd] and went into the house, his followers [disciples] asked him about this ·story [parable; see 3:23].” (EXB)

Mark 9:44;46 ~ If your hand causes you ·to sin [lose faith; stumble], cut it off. It is better for you ·to lose part of your body and live forever [L to enter life maimed] than to have two hands and go to ·hell [L Gehenna; C a valley outside of Jerusalem where in the OT period children were sacrificed to a pagan god; later used as a burning trash heap; a metaphor for hell], where the fire never goes out. In hell the worm does not die; the fire is never put out.  If your foot causes you to ·sin [lose faith; stumble], cut it off. It is better for you ·to lose part of your body and to live forever [L to enter life crippled] than to have two feet and be thrown into ·hell [Gehenna; v. 43].  In hell the worm does not die; the fire is never put out.” (EXB)

Mark 11:26 ~ When you ·are praying [L stand praying], if you ·are angry with [have anything against] someone, forgive him so that your Father in heaven will also forgive your ·sins [transgressions; trespasses]But if you don’t forgive other people, then your Father in heaven will not forgive your ·sins [transgressions; trespasses].” (EXB)

Mark 15:28 ~ They also put two ·robbers [rebels; revolutionaries; C the term “robber” was used by the Romans of insurrectionists] on crosses beside Jesus, one on the right, and the other on the left.  And the Scripture came true that says, ‘They put him with criminals [Is. 53:12].’ People walked by and ·insulted [defamed; slandered; C the same Greek word used to “blaspheme”] Jesus and shook their heads [C a gesture of derision; Ps. 22:7], saying, ‘You said you could destroy the Temple and build it again in three days.'”

Mark 16:9-20 (all 12 verses) ~ “The women were shaking with fear and ·confused [overwhelmed; bewildered], so they left the tomb and ran away. They did not tell anyone about what happened, because they were afraid. SOME FOLLOWERS SEE JESUS After Jesus rose from the dead early on the first day of the week, he showed himself first to Mary Magdalene. One time in the past, he had ·forced [driven; cast] seven demons out of her. After Mary saw Jesus, she went and told his followers, who were ·very sad [mourning; grieving] and were crying. But Mary told them that Jesus was alive. She said that she had seen him, but they did not believe her.

JESUS TALKS TO THE DISCIPLES Later, Jesus showed himself to two of ·his followers [his disciples; L them] while they were walking in the country, but he did not look the same as before. They went back to the others and told them what had happened, but again, they did not believe them.

Later Jesus showed himself to the eleven while they were ·eating [reclining at table; see 2:15], and he ·criticized [reprimanded; rebuked] them because they had no faith. They were ·stubborn [hard hearted] and refused to believe those who had seen him after he had risen from the dead.

Jesus said to them, “Go everywhere in the world, and ·tell [preach; proclaim] the ·Good News [Gospel] to ·everyone [all creation]Anyone who believes and is baptized will be saved, but anyone who does not believe will be ·punished [condemned].  And those who believe will be able to do these things as ·proof [signs]: They will use my name to ·force [drive; cast] out demons. They will speak in new ·languages [tongues].  They will pick up snakes and drink poison without being hurt. They will ·touch [lay hands on] the sick, and the sick will ·be healed [recover].”

After the Lord Jesus said these things to them, he was carried up into heaven, and he sat at the right ·side [hand] of God. The ·followers [disciples] went everywhere in the world and ·told [preached; proclaimed] the ·Good News [Gospel] to people, and the Lord helped them. The Lord ·proved [confirmed] that the ·Good News [Gospel] they ·told [preached; proclaimed] was true by giving them power to work ·miracles [signs].”

Luke 17:36-  “There will be two women grinding grain together; one will be taken, and the other will be left.  Two people will be in the field. One will be taken, and the other will be left. The followers [L They] asked Jesus, ‘Where will this be [L Where], Lord?’ Jesus answered, “Where there is a ·dead body [corpse], there the vultures will gather [C the carnage will make the place of judgment obvious to all].'”

Luke 22:43; 44-  “Father, if you are willing, take away this ·cup of suffering [L cup; C suffering or punishment is metaphorically portrayed as something bitter to drink]. But do ·what you want [L your will], not ·what I want [L my will].’  Then an angel from heaven appeared to him to strengthen him. Being full of pain [in agony/anguish], Jesus prayed even harder. His sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. When he ·finished praying [L rose from prayer], he went to his ·followers [disciples] and found them asleep ·because of their sadness [exhausted from grief].”

Luke 23:17 ~ “‘So, after I punish him [have him flogged], I will let him go free.’ Every year at the Passover Feast, Pilate had to release one prisoner to the people. But ·the people [L they] shouted together, ‘Take this man away [C for execution]! ·Let Barabbas go free [L Release Barabbas to/for us]!'”

 John 5:4 ~ Many sick people were lying on the porches beside the pool. Some were blind, some were crippled, and some were paralyzed, and they waited for the water to move. Sometimes [At a certain time; From time to time] an angel of the Lord came down to the pool and stirred up the water. After the angel did this, the first person to go into the pool was healed from any sickness he had. A man was lying there who had been ·sick [an invalid; disabled] for thirty-eight years.”

John 7:53-8:11 (all 12 verses) ~ They answered, ‘Are you from Galilee, too? Study the Scriptures, and you will learn [L Search and see] that no prophet comes from Galilee.’  And everyone left and went home.

THE WOMAN CAUGHT IN ADULTERY Jesus went to the Mount of Olives [C east of Jerusalem across the Kidron Valley].  But ·early in the morning [at dawn] he went back to the Temple [courts; 2:14], and all the people came to him, and he sat and taught them. The ·teachers of the law [scribes; C experts in the law of Moses] and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery. They forced her to stand ·before [or in the midst of] the people.  They said to Jesus, ‘Teacher, this woman was caught ·having sexual relations with a man who is not her husband [in the very act of committing adultery].  The law of Moses commands that we stone to death every woman who does this [compare Lev. 20:10Deut. 22:22–24]. What do you say we should do?’  They were asking this to ·trick [trap; test] Jesus so that they could have some ·charge [accusation]against him.

But Jesus ·bent over [stooped down] and started writing on the ground with his finger [C we do not know what he is writing though there has been much speculation]When they continued to ask Jesus their question, he ·raised up [straightened] and said, ‘Anyone here who ·has never sinned [is guiltless; T is without sin] can throw the first stone at her [Deut. 13:917:7; comp. Lev. 24:14].’  Then Jesus ·bent over [stooped down] again and wrote on the ground.

Those who heard Jesus began to leave one by one, first the ·older men [elders] and then the others. Jesus was left there alone with the woman standing before him.  Jesus ·raised up [straightened] again and asked her, “Woman [C a respectful term of address in Greek; see 2:4], where are they? Has no one ·judged you guilty [condemned you]?”

She answered, “No one, sir.”

Then Jesus said, “I also don’t ·judge you guilty [condemn you]. ·You may go now, but don’t sin anymore [T Go, and sin no more].”

JESUS IS THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD Later, Jesus talked to the people again, saying, “I am the light of the world [C the Feast of Shelters included a lamp lighting ritual that Jesus may be alluding to; 7:37–39]. The person who follows me will never ·live [L walk] in darkness but will have the light ·that gives life [L of life].”

Acts 15:34 ~ After some time ·Judas and Silas [L they] were sent off in peace by the ·believers [L brothers (and sisters)], and they went back to those who had sent them, but Silas decided to remain there.  But Paul and Barnabas stayed in Antioch and, along with many others, preached the Good News [Gospel] and taught the people the ·message [L word] of the Lord.”

Acts 24:7 ~ Also, he was trying to make the Temple unclean [defile/profane/desecrate the Temple], but we ·stopped [or grabbed; arrested] him. |And we wanted to judge him by our own law.  But the ·officer [tribune] Lysias came and used much force to take him from us. And Lysias commanded those who wanted to accuse Paul [his accusers] to come to you. By asking him questions [cross-examining him] yourself, you can decide [learn; come to know] if all these things are true [or the nature of our accusations].”

Acts 28:29 ~ “‘[L Therefore,] I want you to know that God has also sent his salvation to all nations [the Gentiles], and they will listen!’  After [or When] Paul [L he] said this, the Jews left. They were arguing very much with each other.  Paul stayed two full years in his own rented house [or at his own expense] and welcomed all people who came to visit him.”

Romans 16:24 ~ Gaius [1 Cor. 1:14Acts 19:29] is letting me and the whole church here use his home [L host to me and to the whole church; C churches met in homes at this time]. He also sends greetings to you, as do Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with all of you. Amen.  Glory to God [L Now to the one] who can make you strong in faith by [or in accord with] the Good News that I tell people [L my Gospel] and by [or in accord with] the message [preaching; proclamation] about Jesus Christ. The message about Christ is the secret [mystery; 11:25]that was hidden for long ages past but is now made known [revealed; disclosed].”

I John 5:7 ~ Jesus Christ is the One who came by water [C likely a reference to Jesus’ baptism] and blood [C a reference to his death]. He did not come by water only, but by water and blood. And the Spirit says that this is true [is the one who testifies/bears witness; Mark 1:11John 1:32–34], because the Spirit is the truth.  So [or For] there are three ·witnesses [who testify/bear witness]:   the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three witnesses ·agree [L are one].”

Did Christ Die on Good Friday?

I’ve followed the tradition of honoring Good Friday, based on the understanding that Christ died on preparation day, which is widely understood to be the day before the Sabbath… so to understand the events leading up to the death of Christ on the cross, that’s where I started in my studies to discover whether Christ did in fact die on Good Friday.  I looked in the scripture to understand the observances of the Sabbath (the day that follows the preparation day), the Passover (when Christ ate the last supper, prayed in the garden, was arrested and tried, and hung on the cross and died), and the Feast of Unleavened bread (the seven day feast that immediately follows Passover), so I’ll address that part of my study first.

In Leviticus 23:3, “Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwelling places.”

In Leviticus 23:5-8, In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight, is the Lord‘s Passover.  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.  On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.  But you shall present a food offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.”

You can read more regarding the Passover in Exodus 12 and Numbers 28:16-25, but I am going to address these passages I’ve shared.  We see in verse 3, that there is a weekly Sabbath that we are called to rest, and will be a holy convocation (assembly, reading, summoning).  This Sabbath falls on the seventh day of every week, on Saturday.  On the Sabbath, there is to be no work done.

We then see that in verse 5, that it states that the Passover will be what marks the first month, on 14 Nissan at twilight. So Passover begins at dark on 14 Nissan and ends at twilight on 15 Nissan.  As Passover concludes, the beginning of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matzah) begins.  The first day and last day of the next 7 days, have been declared by the Lord as High Sabbaths and thus no work must take place.  These Sabbaths are what the Lord has proclaimed as a holy convocation and thus no work is to be done.

Now that we understand these details, we can better understand the events taking place surrounding Christ’s death and resurrection.

“And the disciples set out and went to the city and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.”  Mark 14:16

In Mark 14:12-16 we see that the disciples went to prepare a place for them to partake of the Passover meal.  This was on 13 Nissan, the hours leading up to sunset.  Upon the arrival of sunset, 14 Nissan began.  Reading on, we see in the scriptures that they ate the Passover meal, went to the Garden of Gethsemane to pray, and after praying, Jesus was arrested, tried, and on the cross by morning. (Matthew 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46)

“It was now the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread when the Passover lamb was sacrificed. Jesus’ followers [disciples] said to him, ‘Where do you want us to go and prepare for you to eat the Passover meal?’  Jesus sent two of his followers [disciples] and said to them, ‘Go into the city and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him.  When he goes into a house, tell the owner of the house, “The Teacher says: ‘Where is my guest room in which I can eat the Passover meal with my followers [disciples]?'”  The owner will show you a large room upstairs [T upper room] that is furnished and ready. Prepare the food [Make preparations] for us there.’  So the followers [disciples] left and went into the city. Everything happened as Jesus had said, so they prepared the Passover meal.  Mark 14:12-16

Early the next morning, all the ·leading [T chief] priests and elders of the people decided that Jesus should die [or met together to plan Jesus’ death].  They tied [bound] him, led him away, and turned him over to Pilate, the governor.  Matthew 27:1-2 

As I’ve observed over the years, traditional teaching says that Christ died on Friday, was in the tomb through the weekly Sabbath, and arose on Sunday morning.  However, Christ Himself stated He would be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights, just as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish:

“For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Matthew 12:40

The importance of this passage is noted in the passages surrounding it where Christ states: An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.  For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.  The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.” Matthew 12:39-41 (emphasis mine)

So we see, the Lord told Jonah to go to Ninevah and call out against them.  It was such a warning that led them to their repentance.  Greater than Jonah, is the Christ that’s come to do the same for the whole world.  If this was a great sign of the Lord, the only sign given, for the evil and adulterous generation seeking a sign, wouldn’t it thus be necessary to be accurate? Friday evening to Sunday morning is not three days and three nights!

Now that we understand the Sabbath, the Passover, and The Feast of Unleavened Bread, we see that the Passover and the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread are back to back and thus, Christ ate the last supper, prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane, was arrested, tried, hung on the cross, and died on the Passover.

The evening of that day initiated The Feast of Unleavened Bread and thus was a High Sabbath.  They removed Christ from the cross and placed Him in the tomb, only wrapped in linen soaked in a mixture myrrh and aloes, before the evening began because it was a holy convocation.

Let’s look in the scriptures to see the support for this:

“Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.” John 19:31

This man (Joseph of Arimathea) went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.  Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud and laid him in a tomb cut in stone, where no one had ever yet been laid.  It was the day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was beginning.  Luke 23:52-54

“After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body.  Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight.  So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.”  John 19:38-40

“So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.”  John 19:42 

Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joseph saw where Jesus was laid and would thus return on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, and Jesus was already gone.

“And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joseph saw [took note of] the place where Jesus was laid.”  Mark 15:47

“Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.”  John 20:1

“When the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him.  And very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb.  And they were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?”  And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled back—it was very large.  And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed.  And he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here. See the place where they laid him.”  Mark 16:1-6

So we see that early Sunday morning, while it was still dark, Christ had risen.  If we follow the timeline given, we see that the High Sabbath, which could happen on any day of the week, did not fall on the weekly Sabbath.  Let’s break this down:

Saturday evening/Sunday morning, Christ rose

Friday evening/Saturday day, Christ lay in the tomb through the Sabbath (Third Night and Third Day)

Thursday evening/Friday day, Christ lay in the tomb through the preparation day (Second Night and Second Day)

Wednesday evening/Thursday day, Christ lay in the tomb through the High Sabbath (First Night and First Day)

Tuesday evening/Wednesday day, Christ at the Passover meal with His disciples, prayed in Gethsemane, was arrested, tried, put on the cross, and died.

This must be the order of events in order for the words of Christ to be true and to fulfill the only sign that was given.  So we see that no, Christ did not die on Good Friday.  He died on Wednesday, as the Passover lamb.  The ultimate sacrifice for our sins so we could live eternally with the Father in Heaven.

I did this study, not to take issue with the traditions many still observe, but to find the truth.  I have such a desire to understand the Word in its intended context and not simply in the context of my own understanding.  I hope this is enlightening to anyone who reads it, and that while we should continue to renew our minds with the truth, we should be mindful to remember that it’s this very sacrifice in this post that brings us salvation and not whether we honor this sacrifice on a Friday or a Tuesday.  We must be careful not to become legalistic over these matters and to live as we are called.

Only let each person lead the life that the Lord has assigned to him, and to which God has called him.  This is my rule in all the churches.  Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised?  Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision.  Was anyone at the time of his call uncircumcised?  Let him not seek circumcision.  For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God.  Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called.  Were you a bondservant when called?  Do not be concerned about it. (But if you can gain your freedom, avail yourself of the opportunity.)  For he who was called in the Lord as a bondservant is a freedman of the Lord. Likewise he who was free when called is a bondservant of Christ.  You were bought with a price; do not become bondservants of men.  So, brothers, in whatever condition each was called, there let him remain with God.”  1 Corinthians 7:17-24

The Ten Commandments

As I read through this passage of the ten commandments, my heart pondered what God was saying. This is what I saw. ❤

~~~~~

“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me.” Exodus 20:2-3

Sacrifice all for the Lord, the One True God.

You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.  You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.” Exodus 20:4-6

Worship God and Him alone.

You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.” Exodus 20:7

Speak only what honors God and as He leads us to speak.

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.” Exodus 20:8-11

Rest in His presence and remember the work He’s done for us.

Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.” Exodus 20:12

Enable righteous living for our parents by living an exemplary life in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith and in purity (1 Timothy 4:12).

You shall not murder.” Exodus 20:13

Do not hate. Love.

You shall not commit adultery.” Exodus 20:14

Be faithful. Be Kind.

“You shall not steal.” Exodus 20:15

Do not deceive and take. Give cheerfully, receive graciously.

You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.” Exodus 20:16

Speak the truth.

“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.” Exodus 20:17

Be grateful and content.

 

 

 

 

 

Putting Scripture into Context per President Obama’s Claims

Granted there are things I GREATLY disagree with Mr. Obama on regarding government policy, that’s not what this post is about.  I’d like to touch on the passages from the Bible that he points out as a danger to teach in schools or to run the country with.  I’d also like to say I DO agree that I am “tired of faith being used as a tool to attack.”  That isn’t Biblical.  As such it’s WRONG.

Here are the passages that President Obama refers to in this video.

The law concerning slavery, as per the Scriptures, state “if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you…(Leviticus 25:39a emphasis mine), it goes on to say that you “shall not compel him to serve as a slave.” (Leviticus 25:39b emphasis mine).  To read more regarding this, go to Leviticus 25:39-55.

“…slavery is not commended in the Bible, in fact it is recognized realistically in respect to the economic need where people sold themselves into slavery to pay off a debt (Ephesians 6:5-7) and the evil in racial discrimination such as the oppression of the Israelites by the Egyptians (Exodus 1:8-14).  The Bible also provides tools for the slave and master in how to treat one another (1 Peter 2:18-25; Colossians 3:22-25; Colossians 4:1-6) and why (Ephesians 6:8-9), in becoming free (1 Corinthians 7:20-22; Jeremiah 34:8-22) and finally shows us that the laws are for those who break the laws (1 Timothy 1:8-11 references slave traders amongst others in which the law is for).” From my blog post entitled, “Scripture in Context.”

Many misunderstand the passages that discuss how masters and servants are to treat one another as a condoning of slavery.  This is not what the Bible acclaims. Additionally, the Bible says in Romans 13:8, “Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another has fulfilled the law.”

Regarding shellfish as “an abomination” – let’s look at Leviticus 11 (vs. 9-12 specify against shellfish), which discusses the foods that were good to eat and the others that would be considered an “abomination to you” (from the Hebrew word sheqets, meaning detestable).  In other words, worthy for you to hate.  It does NOT state that to eat it would be an abomination.  Go and read all of it for yourself and you will see.

“These you may eat of all that are in the water: whatever in the water has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the rivers—that you may eat…. Whatever in the water does not have fins or scales—that shall be an abomination to you.verse 10 & 12

Moving on to the reference in Deuteronomy, regarding the stoning of your child for leaving the faith, I have found no reference for such a claim. However, the closest reference found was that of Deuteronomy 21:18-21 where it talks about a mother and father bringing their adult son who was a glutton and a drunkard to the elders.  He was not a child as Obama insinuated… he was a grown man who was a glutton and a drunkard, still at home with his parents… how would society look at a man like that today? Per the new law (as we are ALL sinners and thus none can cast the first stone), we wouldn’t stone him; but we’d certainly look down at him for such a lack of contribution to our community.

This was regarding the consequence for people who broke the law in the Old Testament. It, like my husband pointed out to me, had nothing to say about parents murdering their children for not following their faith.  If that were the case, the parable of the prodigal son would have been quite a different story.

As for the sermon on the mount… I’m not sure what section he’s even referring to. Is it the part about loving (in a social or moral sense) your enemies (those who are hateful, adversaries)?  Is it the part about turning the other cheek (for the sake of peace)? Is it the part about being a peacemaker (making calm or still, restoring peace to)? How about the part about not judging (condemning)?  All this and more can be found in Matthew 5-7.  His remark that the defense would not survive such a policy… explain HOW.

“But shun profane and idle babblings, for they will increase to more ungodliness.” 2 Timothy 2:16